On 19 January 2017, in partnership with the James Martin Centre for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), Project Alpha will be hosting a workshop on evidentiary issues in EU and UK sanctions delisting actions. This workshop is part of a broader project that CNS and Project Alpha are doing on open source evidentiary packages to support sanctions listings.
The workshop will be a one day conference which will consider:
Current evidentiary issues such as the standards of proof, quality of evidence, burden of persuasion and lessons learned.
The Courtroom Experience: How Cases are Handled, Evidence Received, Opinions Delivered
Practical Matters: Building cases, presenting evidence, EU members supporting the Council
The concluding session be on open source tools techniques and examples for use in building evidence packages.
The workshop will be attended by Government representatives from the UK, US, France, Germany, the European External Action Service, EU and legal experts.
To explore ways to strengthen the partnership between the UK and India on strategic nuclear issues, Project Alpha of King’s College London, together with the Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) in India organised a two-leg dialogue during the first quarter of 2016. The sessions were attended by scholars, practitioners and officials from the two countries, who explored a number of relevant topics in order to build common understanding and identify opportunities to further strengthen the relationship between the UK and India.
The first event, held at the Royal Society for the Arts in London on January 18th to 19th 2016, focused on common interests and areas for collaboration, strategic challenges and stabilities, non-proliferation and disarmament efforts, as well as India’s entry into the export control regimes. The second event was held at the IDSA office in Delhi on March 1st to 2nd 2016, where the discussion focused on the Asian security landscape, export control governance, and discussion on the next steps to developing the India-UK alliance.
The detailed meeting summary of the event can be accessed below.
The direction of growth of global commerce is greatly influenced by international sanctions and control regimes. These change constantly in response to geopolitical or other developments. International agreements for example may include provisions for targeted and phased lifting of sanctions over lengthy periods (this is likely to be the case for any long-term agreement between Iran and the P5+1). To maintain a competitive edge in such an environment, companies in freight forwarding and related industries need a smart and adaptive approach to compliance.
Project Alpha Presents at Export Control Experts Group Meeting, Taipei, Taiwan
In June 2012, representatives from Project Alpha attended and presented their research at a meeting of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) Export Control Experts Group (XCXG) in Taipei, Taiwan. The meeting was attended by representatives of most governments in the Asia-Pacific region. It provided Project Alpha representatives with the opportunity to share the outreach model which they have been pioneering in the United Kingdom.
CSCAP is an intergovernmental organisation with governments from 10 Asia-Pacific countries taking part. The XCXG is a specific study group which considers the role of strategic trade controls in preventing WMD proliferation. XCXG was set up to assess national export control systems; to identify potential vulnerabilities and loopholes; and to seek to outline recommendations both for improving national capacities and exploiting opportunities for regional cooperation.
The workshop was organised jointly by CSIS-Pacific Forum and National Chengchi University in Taipei. It is part of a broader, ongoing series of workshops which brings together export control experts from the Asia Pacific region and beyond. These workshops are intended to allow practitioners and academics to share ideas and to improve strategic trade controls and their implementation.
The workshop sessions included those on recent export control developments in the Asia Pacific; legislation; UNSCR 1540; transhipment; and the role of regional organisations. Discussions considered how far states in the region have come since the discovery of the AQ Khan network and the passing of UNSCR1540. It also emphasised that there was still a way to go, especially in building a compliance culture within the private sector.
Rightfully, much of the workshop focused on legislation, the licensing process and enforcement capacity; these are areas on which many states in the Asia Pacific region are currently focussing. This allowed Project Alpha to disseminate its ideas relating to private sector engagement and, more specifically, Ian Stewart spoke about the role of the private sector in implementing sanctions regimes.
Holding the workshop in Taiwan was significant in a number of ways. First, Taiwan has had some issues with illicit trade in the past. Taiwanese industry has been targeted significantly by proliferators for machine tools, and Taiwanese transportation nodes have also been exploited by proliferators, Illicit shipments of sensitive goods have been transhipped through or re-exported via ports in the country.
However, holding the workshop in Taipei was also significant for another reason. Due to the unresolved situation regarding Taiwan’s sovereignty, there are limits as to the degree to which Taiwan can participate in intergovernmental initiatives. Although a member of the United Nations (UN) and UN Security Council permanent member until 1971 (when Taiwan was replaced by the People’s Republic of China), Taiwan’s participation in multilateral fora, and specifically the multilateral export control regimes, has been limited.
Conferences allowing for these issues to be explored in Taipei are certainly welcomed. They also present a valuable opportunity to discuss these issues with other states in the region where strategic trade controls are still evolving. The next meeting is due to be held in October in Manila, in the Philippines. Project Alpha will be attending again and this time Daniel Salisbury will be present research on Transhipment hubs.
The project team and Centre for Science and Security Studies academic staff organised and participated in a successful outreach workshop in Qingdao, China. The workshop took place on 27 & 28 February 2012 and sought to raise awareness of the importance of compliance with UN sanctions in the Chinese alloys and carbon fibre sectors.
The agenda included sessions led by academics and experts based at King’s, as well as Chinese government officials, experts from Chinese think tanks and British and Chinese industry. The Chinese industry representatives remarked that they found the workshop useful in informing their compliance practices.
The workshop was organised by the Alpha Nonproliferation team working with the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association (CACDA). It was attended by over 40 industry participants and representatives of a number of Chinese government departments.
A panel on industry compliance perspectives at the Qingdao workshop
Improving the implementation of non-proliferation controls