Category Archives: Visualisations

US Export Licence Denials 2001-2015

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UN Security Council Resolution 1540 Online Implementation Monitoring Tool

Introduction

This interactive visualisation tool was prepared by King’s College London in cooperation with the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies with the aim of increasing understanding of the implementation of Resolution 1540.

The tool allows for the dynamic display of 1540 ‘matrix’ reports for each UN Member State in map format. It aims to supplement the UN Security Council’s existing 1540 Matrix toolset through an enhanced, flexible, and more user-interactive interface, with the aim of assisting the comprehensive review of 1540 implementation that will take place in summer 2016.

The tool consists includes two main datasets: the first relates to national legal provisions – legislation and regulations relevant to prohibiting proliferation – and the second to national enforcement provisions – actions to combat proliferation. These can be toggled using the first filter on the right hand side.

The tool also includes three other filters: question, description, and NBC (short for nuclear, chemical or biological). These filters can be used to display implementation of specific measures or groups of measures. The NBC filter can be used when viewing responses to certain questions – those with [NBC in their title] – to examine whether a state has implemented nuclear, chemical, and biological provisions relevant to the particular measure. You should manually change this to ‘all’ when viewing other question types.

Project Alpha and CNS aim to further refine this tool over the course of 2016. In particular, we intend to develop analytics to supplement the current visualisations. This work will focus on specific thematic issues or regional issues. A further iteration of this project might also see the tool take into account risk factors, such as whether states produce WMD-relevant materials.

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Continue reading UN Security Council Resolution 1540 Online Implementation Monitoring Tool

US and UK Export Licence Data Visualisation Tool

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Context

Since 2004, all countries have been required by UN Security Council resolution 1540 to implement export controls in order to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Many countries had export controls well before this resolution was passed, using these measures to safeguard their own national security interests. Continue reading US and UK Export Licence Data Visualisation Tool

Countries that have prosecuted WMD export control violators

The prosecution of export control violators is an important aspect of a country’s ability to deter illicit proliferation-related trade. While many states have enacted export control legislation, this does not necessarily mean that these states have actually prosecuted those suspected of violating these laws. Of course, the effectiveness of a country’s export control system cannot be evaluated by counting the number of prosecutions secured by governments; however, the existence of an effective judicial enforcement system is a vital prerequisite to the full implementation of a state’s non-proliferation commitments.
The visualisation below shows those states that are known to have prosecuted individuals and companies for WMD-related export control violations.*

Countries That Have Prosecuted WMD Export Control Violators

*The nature of global enforcement activity against WMD-related proliferation means that not all cases may be publicly known. Any errors should be brought to the attention of Project Alpha.