As a leading manufacturer of capacitance manometers, an item used to measure near-vacuum pressures in semiconductor, pharmaceutical or advanced coating processes, MKS products are perhaps the best example of a dual-use ‘chokepoint technology’ – an item without which some forms of gaseous uranium enrichment could falter or even be set back. Continue reading Preventing the Diversion of Sensitive Vacuum Measuring Equipment
- The robustness of the export compliance systems of distributors is key to preventing proliferation. The lack of awareness held by the stockist about export licensing requirements was shocking; it was Company C’s reputation at risk too.
- Buyers may pursue products with a lower technical specification if it might mean that they can avoid the control list. Companies should be fully aware of their products potential uses and full end-user checks should be carried out to mitigate this risk.
The Khaki-Yi case involved the illicit procurement, and attempted illicit procurement, of goods that were sanctioned by the United States Government and potentially intended for use in the Iranian uranium enrichment programme. Continue reading Illicit Procurement Involving Khaki & Yi
This case study details the alleged involvement of Li Fang Wei (AKA Karl Lee and numerous other aliases) in supplying Iran’s ballistic missile programme in defiance of United Nations sanctions. Continue reading Wanted: Karl Lee
Recent news reports have alleged that Zimbabwe has signed a memorandum of understanding to supply Uranium to Iran. These reports caused concern across the international community given current efforts to address Iran’s prohibited nuclear activities. Continue reading Allegations that Zimbabwe has Signed Deal to Supply Uranium to Iran
Buried in the most recent round of US sanctions against Iran is a titbit that might provide some insight into one of the most tightly-held secrets of Tehran’s nuclear programme: its future capability to produce weapons-useable plutonium. Continue reading Iran: Hot cells, hot fuss?
Bank Mellat is one of the largest banks, and the largest privately owned bank, in Iran. It has allegedly been involved in providing financial services that have enabled procurement in some areas of Iran’s nuclear programme. Sanctions were imposed on Bank Mellat by the US and the EU in 2007 and 2010.
On the 5th June 2013, the UN Security Council extended the mandate of the expert panel established to monitor the implementation of Security Council sanctions on the Islamic Republic of Iran, following its failure to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) about its nuclear programme. Dr. Jonathan Brewer, a visiting professor of the Centre for Science and Security Studies in King’s College London, has been a member of the panel since 2010. Continue reading UN Panel of Experts on Iran Sanctions Renewed
On 11 June 2014, the UN’s Panel of Experts established pursuant to UNSCR 1929 (2010) – a panel set up to monitor the implementation of UN sanctions on Iran – released its 2013-2014 report. This report goes further in its judgments than the reports of previous years in showing that Iran is breaching sanctions by procuring both controlled and non-controlled items. Continue reading 2013-2014 report from the UN’s Iran sanctions panel of experts
By Ian J. Stewart, Andrea Stricker, and David Albright.
Project Alpha at King’s College Londonand ISIS have collaborated on a case study of a highly important topic: the continued sale or diversion of controlled and dual-use goods through China to Iran’s nuclear program. Continue reading Chinese Citizen’s Involvement in the Supply of MKS Pressure Transducers to Iran: Preventing a Reoccurrence