Export Control Regimes – EU State Members

Dual use items are products and technologies used for civilian purposes but which may have military applications. Export of dual-use items to destinations outside the EU are prohibited unless a licence has been granted by a national authority.

Dual-use export controls in all EU states is guided by Regulation 428/2009. This regulation sets out the list of technologies and controlled items under export control. It can therefore be expected that, in general, any item considered controlled in one EU jurisdiction would also be controlled in the other jurisdictions.


Transfers of dual-use goods within the EU need a licence only where the item appears on Annex IV of the regulation. Annex IV contains very sensitive goods such as nuclear items.

For exports to destinations outside the EU there are numerous types of licence that may be granted within the EU. These include:

  • EU General Export Authorisations (EU GEAs) – cover exports of certain items to certain destinations as specified in Annex II of the dual-use Regulation.
  • National General Export Authorisations (NGAs) – may be issued by individual EU countries, provided that they:
  • do not conflict with existing CGEA
  • do not cover any of the items listed in Annex IIg to Regulation 428/2009
  • France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the UK
  • Global authorisations – are granted by individual EU countries to one exporter and cover one or more items to one or more countries/end users
  • Individual licenses – are granted by individual EU countries to one exporter and cover exports to one end user

 

Links for license authorities of each EU state members:

State

National Authority

Austria

Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth

Belgium

1) The Ministry of the Brussels-Capital Region [Direction des Relations extérieures (external relations directorate)]

2)Flanders Region

3)Wallonn Region

Bulgaria

Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism [Interdepartmental Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction]

[General Information: http://www.exportcontrol.bg/indexen.php]

Czech Republic

Ministry of Industry and Trade[Licencing Office]

Denmark

Danish Enterprise and Construction Authority

Estonia

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs[Strategic Goods Commission]

Finland

 

Department for External Economic Relations in Ministry of Foreign Affairs [export control unit]

France

 

Customs

Ministry of Industry: Dual-use goods

Ministry of Industry: Defence goods export control

Cryptographic Goods

Germany

 

Federal Office of Economics and Export Control BAFA

Greece

 

Ministry for Development, Competitiveness Infrastructure, Transport and Networks

Hungary

 

Hungarian Trade Licensing Office

Ireland

 

Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation [Licensing Unit in Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation]

Italy

 

Ministry of Economic Development[Department for Enterprise and Internationalization, Directorate-General for International Trade Policy-Export Control Unit]

Latvia

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia [Security Policy Department Strategic Goods Export Control Division]

Lithuania

 

Ministry of Economy[Trade Department – Division of Strategic Goods Export Control (Licensing Office)]

Luxembourg

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Export Controls

 

Malta

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs[Disarmament and Non Proliferation Desk]

Netherlands

 

Ministry of Finance[Central Import and Export Service (CDIU) on behalf of Ministry of Foreign Affairs]

Poland

 

Department of Economic Security of the Ministry of Economy

Portugal

 

 

Romania

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs [Department for Export Controls]

 

Slovakia

 

Ministry of Economy, Department of Sensitive Goods Trading Management, Division of Sensitive Goods

Slovenia

 

Ministry of Economic Development and Technology

Spain

 

TRADE – Foreign Trade – Sector Information – Defense and Dual-Use Material

Sweden

 

Swedish Agency for Non-proliferation and Export Controls

 

United Kingdom

 

Department for Business, Innovation, and Skills [Export Control Organisation]

SPIRE[online export licensing system]

 

Find more Information here: http://ec.europa.eu/trade/import-and-export-rules/export-from-eu/dual-use-controls/